The International Organization for Migration (IOM) was originally founded in 1951 to address the widespread displacement of people following the devastation of World War II. During the early years of the organization, it focused primarily on returning people to their homes, assisting with every step of the process. However, as it grew, its scope expanded to work closely with governments to develop sustainable and humane migration policies. However, the General Assembly in 2016 issued the New York Declaration, which brought the IOM formally into the UN System and started the process of developing the Global Compact for Migration, a landmark international treaty outlining the rights and responsibilities of states and migrants.
Topic: Improving Attitudes Towards Immigrants and Refugees
In 2020, the United Nations Department of Social and Economic Affairs (DESA) reported that there are over 280 million international migrants worldwide. The report also estimated that an additional 700 million people had expressed desires to migrate to another country if they had the opportunity. Motivations to move can vary. They include pursuing increased socioeconomic mobility, employment, educational opportunities, or seeking refuge or accessing resources. Whether or not one migrates voluntarily, immigrants and refugees face political, social, and economic hurdles at every step. When a migrant arrives in a country, the migrant and the host community immediately establish a relationship. Therefore, immigrant and refugee integration are essential to secure access to resources, prevent outbreaks of conflict, and open dialogue between groups.