The Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ) is a functional committee of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and is the principal body of the United Nations concerning transnational crime and criminal justice. In the early 1990s, the UN developed a greater interest in criminal justice policy, leading to a recommendation for the creation of the CCPCJ by the UN General Assembly. Its predecessor, the Committee on Crime Prevention and Control, was dissolved with the intent of intensifying “international cooperation in crime prevention and criminal justice” and increasing coordination between existing UN agencies. Therefore, in 1992, the ECOSOC established the CCPCJ as a commission of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) with the passage of Resolution 1992/1. The Commission is composed of 40 member states, with terms of three years and quotas for each region of the world to ensure broad discussion and cooperation. Resolution 1992/22 further defined the priorities of the CCPCJ, including: “To plan, implement and evaluate crime prevention and criminal justice assistance projects and to serve as a facilitating agent…with which to assist countries in preventing crime, promoting security, sustaining national development and enhancing justice and respect for human rights.” With such a guideline, the CCPCJ has adopted thematic discussions ranging from money laundering to crime prevention in urban areas.
Topic: Preventing Gang Participation Among Youth
Young people around the world are disproportionately affected by social, economic, and political issues. As the most impressionable demographic, youth are often characterized as being both instigators and victims of violence. Youth violence can be defined as the intentional use of physical harm by anyone ages 10–24. In many cases, youth violence encapsulates fighting, bullying, threats with weapons, and gang-related crime. It is a universal issue in all types of communities, whether urban, suburban, rural, or tribal. Youth violence is both common and extremely detrimental to young people’s mental and physical well-being. In fact, about one in five high school students reported having been bullied on school grounds, and one in seven were electronically bullied via texting, Instagram, Facebook, or other forms of social media. Cyberbullying can have lifetime effects on young people’s self-esteem, leading to emotional, behavioral, and even substance abuse issues.